Quick Answer: What Should Subnet Mask Be?

Why do we need subnet mask?

A subnet mask is used to divide an IP address into two parts.

One part identifies the host (computer), the other part identifies the network to which it belongs.

To better understand how IP addresses and subnet masks work, look at an IP address and see how it’s organized..

Is there an alternative to subnetting?

As an alternative, you can create a VLAN for each logical network. Bandwidth availability for each VLAN (or logical network) is no longer shared, and security is improved because the switch that connects each VLAN network (in theory…) will not allow traffic to cross between the VLANs.

Can subnets talk to each other?

Devices in different subnets can communicate. That is the purpose of a router. Routers route packets between different networks. … That is because each host will compare the destination layer-3 address and its own layer-3 address and mask to see if they are on the same network.

What happens when you change the subnet mask?

If you change the subnet mask on the statically-configured devices at the same time as you change the subnet mask on DHCP server(s) then you’ll see no changes in behaviour. If you leave devices with the old subnet mask they’ll only be able to talk to devices that still have addresses in the old subnet’s range.

What is the best subnet mask to use?

This is a simplistic explanation, good enough for handling a subnet like 192.168. 0.1 with a mask short hand value of /24 thru /32 (long hand 255.255. 255.0 thru 255). The subnet calculator can determine the range of the clients local network by its IP address and network mask.

How do you find the subnet mask?

To find the subnet mask of your Windows computer, go to the Run box (Windows Key + R) and cmd to open the Command Prompt. Here you can type the command “ipconfig /all” and hit the Enter key. The Subnet Mask will be listed as one of the parameters in the output under “Ethernet Adapters – Local Area Connection.”

Can two VLANs have the same subnet?

No, VLANs don’t require different subnets. Different subnets require different subnet addresses if they ever need to be able to route and/or talk to each other) and by extension if one VLAN wants to talk to a different VLAN it must use different addresses so we can make a routing decision to the right place.

What is subnet mask and why it is used?

An IP address has two components, the network address and the host address. A subnet mask separates the IP address into the network and host addresses (). … It is called a subnet mask because it is used to identify network address of an IP address by perfoming a bitwise AND operation on the netmask.

What are the 4 parts of an IP address?

IP Address ComponentsAddress Class. Early in the development of IP, the IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority) designated five classes of IP address: A, B, C, D, and E. … Default Subnet Mask. … The Network Field. … The Host Field. … Non-default Masks. … The Subnet Field.

What is IP subnet mask?

A subnet mask is a number that defines a range of IP addresses available within a network. A single subnet mask limits the number of valid IPs for a specific network. Multiple subnet masks can organize a single network into smaller networks (called subnetworks or subnets).

Is subnet mask always 255?

All subnet masks must end in 0, 128, 192, 224, 240, 248, 252, 254, or 255—the values of each bit position as they are “turned on” left to right in any octet.

How do you subnet?

255.248 or /29.STEP 1: Convert to Binary.STEP 2: Calculate the Subnet Address. To calculate the IP Address Subnet you need to perform a bit-wise AND operation (1+1=1, 1+0 or 0+1 =0, 0+0=0) on the host IP address and subnet mask. … STEP 3: Find Host Range. … STEP 4: Calculate the Total Number of Subnets and Hosts Per Subnet.

What is subnetting and why is it important?

Subnetting identifies a network with a range of Internet Protocol addresses in the Internet. It also allows large networks to be divided into smaller networks, each with its own set of IP addresses.

What is a 16 subnet?

The number 16 is the first subnet and also your block size. … The valid subnets in this example are 16, 32, 48, 64, 80, 96, 112, 128, 144, 160, 176, 192, 208, 224. As another example, if you had a Class A subnet mask of 255.255. 240.0, you’d use the mask on the second and third octets minus 256.

How many subnets are in a 24?

Deducting 248 from 256 gives us 8 so the subnets are 0, 8, 16, 24, 32, 40, 48… 240,248. 192.168….2-3 Subnetting.Dotted Decimal ValueCIDR notation255.255.255.0/24255.255.255.128/25255.255.255.192/26255.255.255.224/2719 more rows•Dec 12, 2013

How many Subnet Masks are there?

threeIntroduction to Networking In IPv4 there are three default subnet masks corresponding to the three classes of IP addresses (as illustrated earlier). There are currently three ways of showing the subnet masks for IPv4 addresses; you can show them in dotted decimal, binary, or classless interdomain routing (CIDR).

What is Subnet Mask example?

Subnet masks are also expressed in dot-decimal notation like an address. For example, 255.255.255.0 is the subnet mask for the prefix 198.51.100.0/24. Traffic is exchanged between subnetworks through routers when the routing prefixes of the source address and the destination address differ.