- What port means?
- What ports does Active Directory use?
- What does Ntlm mean?
- Why do we need Kerberos?
- Where is Kerberos used?
- What ports does Ntlm use?
- What is port 139 commonly used for?
- What is the purpose of port 443?
- What is LDAP for?
- What port does Internet access use?
- What ports are required for Kerberos authentication?
- What is port 8080 typically used for?
- How does NTLM work?
- What is difference between Kerberos and LDAP?
- What are the 3 main parts of Kerberos?
- What is port 445 commonly used for?
- Is 445 TCP or UDP?
- Is port 80 and 8080 the same?
What port means?
1) On computer and telecommunication devices, a port (noun) is generally a specific place for being physically connected to some other device, usually with a socket and plug of some kind.
Typically, a personal computer is provided with one or more serial ports and usually one parallel port..
What ports does Active Directory use?
AD uses the following ports to support user and computer authentication, according to the Active Directory and Active Directory Domain Services Port Requirements article:SMB over IP (Microsoft-DS): port 445 TCP, UDP.Kerberos: port 88 TCP, UDP.LDAP: port 389 UDP.DNS: port 53 TCP, UDP.More items…•
What does Ntlm mean?
(New Technology) LAN ManagerIn a Windows network, NT (New Technology) LAN Manager (NTLM) is a suite of Microsoft security protocols intended to provide authentication, integrity, and confidentiality to users. NTLM is the successor to the authentication protocol in Microsoft LAN Manager (LANMAN), an older Microsoft product.
Why do we need Kerberos?
Kerberos has two purposes: security and authentication. In addition, it is necessary to provide a means of authenticating users: any time a user requests a service, such as mail, they must prove their identity. … This is done with Kerberos, and this is why you get your mail and no one else’s.
Where is Kerberos used?
Although Kerberos is found everywhere in the digital world, it is employed heavily on secure systems that depend on reliable auditing and authentication features. Kerberos is used in Posix authentication, and Active Directory, NFS, and Samba. It’s also an alternative authentication system to SSH, POP, and SMTP.
What ports does Ntlm use?
NT LAN Manager (NTLM) is the default authentication scheme used by the WinLogon process; it uses three ports between the client and domain controller (DC): UDP 137 – UDP 137 (NetBIOS Name) UDP 138 – UDP 138 (NetBIOS Netlogon and Browsing) 1024-65535/TCP – TCP 139 (NetBIOS Session)
What is port 139 commonly used for?
The port 139 is used for File and Printer Sharing but happens to be the single most dangerous Port on the Internet. This is so because it leaves the hard disk of a user exposed to hackers.
What is the purpose of port 443?
GRC | Port Authority, for Internet Port 443. Description: This port is used for secure web browser communication. Data transferred across such connections are highly resistant to eavesdropping and interception.
What is LDAP for?
LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) is an open and cross platform protocol used for directory services authentication. LDAP provides the communication language that applications use to communicate with other directory services servers.
What port does Internet access use?
For HTTPS, you need to allow TCP packets between any port on an IP address inside the firewall, and port 443 outside the firewall, or more rarely any port outside the firewall (some websites are not on the default port). For HTTP, it’s the same with port 80.
What ports are required for Kerberos authentication?
Ports 88 and 464 are the standard ports for Kerberos authentication. These ports are configurable. Port 464 is only required for password change operations. Ports 88 and 464 can use either the TCP or UDP protocol depending on the packet size and your Kerberos configuration, see Section 2.2.
What is port 8080 typically used for?
Therefore, when non-administrators wished to run their own web servers on machines which might already have a server running on port 80, or when they were not authorized to run services below port 1024, port 8080 was often chosen as a convenient place to host a secondary or alternate web server.
How does NTLM work?
NTLM uses an encrypted challenge/response protocol to authenticate a user without sending the user’s password over the wire. Instead, the system requesting authentication must perform a calculation that proves it has access to the secured NTLM credentials.
What is difference between Kerberos and LDAP?
LDAP and Kerberos together make for a great combination. Kerberos is used to manage credentials securely (authentication) while LDAP is used for holding authoritative information about the accounts, such as what they’re allowed to access (authorization), the user’s full name and uid.
What are the 3 main parts of Kerberos?
Kerberos has three parts: a client, server, and trusted third party (KDC) to mediate between them. Clients obtain tickets from the Kerberos Key Distribution Center (KDC), and they present these tickets to servers when connections are established.
What is port 445 commonly used for?
TCP port 445 is used for direct TCP/IP MS Networking access without the need for a NetBIOS layer. This service is only implemented in the more recent verions Windows starting with Windows 2000 and Windows XP. The SMB (Server Message Block) protocol is used among other things for file sharing in Windows NT/2K/XP.
Is 445 TCP or UDP?
Direct hosted NetBIOS-less SMB traffic uses port 445 (TCP and UDP).
Is port 80 and 8080 the same?
Port 80 is the default port. It’s what gets used when no port is specified. 8080 is Tomcat’s default port so as not to interfere with any other web server that may be running. If you are going to run Tomcat as your web server, the port can be changed to 80 so that visitors do not need to specify it.